One of the most striking things about the carry permit class I took was its de-emphasis on what we were all most interested in; the guns, of course. Rather, it was primarily a tutorial on how to avoid it, and the only test given (besides marksmanship at the end) was the four conditions required in Minnesota law for legal use of lethal force--including, but not limited to, firearm use.
1. One must be a reluctant participant.
2. One must have immediate reason to fear death or great bodily harm.
3. No lesser force will end the attack.
4. One must retreat if practical.
Not a bad set of rules, really, even if one is unarmed. Or especially if one is unarmed.
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